Update 26 May 2022
In 2011, this proposal presentation was made to the Waiheke Community Board of Auckland City Council.
In 2013 it was presented to the Waiheke Local Board of Auckland Council, the Super City
On 25 August 2019, it was presented to the CCO Auckland Transport in response to the Waiheke 10 Year Transport Plan
While changing the private sector to take up ebikes was rapidly accomplished by introducing mid-mount kit motors on Waiheke (that spread like wildfire), when it comes to working with bureaucracies, they are opaque and challenging. One must keep on hammering away… 11 years and counting.
In the meanwhile, Auckland Transport will be spending $660,000 to lower the posted speed limit on 90% of Waiheke’s roads, ostensibly to protect vulnerable road users including cyclists. It is proposing to upgrade arterial and principal roads to make them safer for cyclists – and in doing so will put drivers and shop owners against cyclists and cycleways. That kind of money could have gone far to create best-practice cycle roads on Waiheke.
Adding cycle lanes to arterial and principal roads does not follow best practice. Instead best practice (from the EU) calls for cycle roads that are
- Continuous, long distance paved routes that facilitate reasonable cycling speeds
- Independent of existing carriageways and motorised traffic (this means not on arterial or principle roads)
- Offer strategic, functional routes that connect residential, commercial and business areas.
- Integrated into the existing cycling network and other transport modes
- Bi-directional and have a greater width than a cycle track
- Often begin in rural areas but can continue into urban areas through green spaces & cycle streets, motor vehicles traffic excluded.
- Often have a name, logo, signposting and other branding.
- For all types of bicycles to easily use the highway, including cargo bikes and ebikes
On Waiheke, this would mean two principal cycle roads
Route 1: Ferry via Schools to Ferry: a national cycle trail that bypasses the Harbour Bridge & CBD via Waiheke ferries (Matiatia to Kennedy Point)
- Begin at Matiatia and pave the farm track that starts at Harbourmasters and ends across from Cable Bay
- Signpost to Mako St and down by the Pony Club
- Finish the bridge over the seasonal creek and run the trail along the foreshore
- If required, secure permission from the Seaside Sanctuary Rest Home to continue along the foreshore
- If there are obstacles between The Causeway and the schools, build a raised timber trail, similar to the Devonport cycleway over the wetlands
- Secure permission from the schools to cross their land. If security is an issue, do it on the side with a fence and gates for children
- Signpost to Kennedy Point Ferry terminal. If a separate cycle road cannot be built, make a safe cycle lane
Route 2: Schools to Onetangi
- If possible, secure permission through private land to bypass the roundabout completely – go through Goldies Vineyard
- Widen the cycle path to the causeway, and provide a marked crossing from the south side to north near Goldies
- Signpost the cycleway as two-way cycle/pedestrian traffic
- Run the Onetangi Route parallel to the arterial on Putiki Road
- On Onetangi Road, upgrade the old horse trail, pave it, and make it shared cycle/equestrian/pedestrian
- Exit on Waiata Road and signposts local roads to Onetangi Road at the new Four Square – upgrade a safe cycle lane to the beach
In this map, the blue needs cycle route signs only. The pink shows recommended upgrades of existing tracks and the red suggests, if funds are available, that a boardwalk like the one in Westhaven is placed along the foreshore.
Depart Matiatia Wharf
On arrival at Matiatia Wharf, signpost Cycle Route 1 through the carpark, past the Harbourmaster (Ahipao) to the old farm track that runs to Church Bay.
Pave this track as a cycle road shared with pedestrians and horses.
INVESTMENT: Engineering, water channeling, grading and paving. But it will eliminate the need to remove car parking from Ocean View Road and the widening of the arterial access from Oneroa to Matiatia Wharf
AESTHETIC: Experience the restored native bush in Don Chapple’s Atawhai-Whenua Reserve, then past vineyards to beautiful Church Bay Estate
Up to Church Bay joining Nick Johnstone Drive near Cable Bay Restaurant.
- Right from ferry terminal through car park
- Right to exit carpark and begin ascent
- On arrival at Nick Johnstone Drive, left toward Church Bay Road.
- Left on Church Bay Road
- Right on Mako Street
- Right on Wattle Road the becomes Tahatai Rd
- Left on The Esplanade by the Pony Club
Business and Scenic Spurs
- Headlands Walk: On arriving at the top at Nick Johnstone Drive signpost the Church Bay Headlands walk – lock bicycle where the Kiosk is placed during the Headlands Sculpture Walk, do the look and return via Nick Johnstone Drive
- Oneroa Village: At Mako Street, signpost through Alison Park for cyclists to visit Oneroa Village without riding on the arterial Ocean View Road until it slows down by the Police Station and is safe for cycling.
Proceed Along Foreshore
At the end of The Espalande where the road turns inland on Tui Street, there are four posts that appear to have been placed to bridge the seasonal stream to allow the foreshore track to cross in front of the Historic Blackpool Cemetery and reconnect with the paved Esplanade.
INVESTMENT: Engineering and carpentry. When the local board investigated this, they were quoted $50,000 of which $48,000 was for engineering. This seems excessive given that it is obvious what is required and could be done by carpenters in a day. Span with heavy H5 300×50 timber, deck of 200×50 H5 timber, side rails to code and timber ramps on either side. Design the ramps with strong hinges so they float in flood conditions.
AESTHETIC: View the Pony Club, Piritahi Marae in the distance, the historic cemetery and the foreshore, especially the Esplanade around the headland.
- Left at the Esplande
- Straight to cross the new bridge
- Straight along the Esplanade, around the cemetery
- Right where the Esplanade enters the reserve
SCENIC: Signpost Piritahi Marae with an explanation of its story and tikanga for visitors
Through the Reserve
Near Lannan Road, the Esplanade becomes a foot path near public toilets. Cyclists have already made this a linkage, but it needs to be properly upgraded and signposted.
INVESTMENT: Pave cycle way. Signpost to toilets.
AESTHETIC: View the foreshore. Good place for toilet break
- Right on the Esplanade
- Straight through the park
- Continue along the Esplanade
- For the reverse direction, sign post entry to the park
STOPS: Signpost the bathroom pit stop
Connect to the Schools & KP Ferry
It is unclear how much of the foreshore is publicly owned and how best to route this part of the cycle trail. It may be the road can be run along the foreshore through Mitchell Reserve toward Hooks Lane. Or it may require an elevated timber crossing along the foreshore similar to the cycle roads through the Devonport Wetlands or at Westhaven near the CBD.
The alternative is to signpost through Surfdale via Blake Street, which is undesirable because this is the Waiheke arterial, or possibly to connect to the end of Mitchell Road by the Mitchell Reserve.
Hooks Lane is a safe vehicle road that then becomes a paved footpath through the High School grounds, connecting with Hooks Lane for motor vehicles in front of the High School gym.
Rejoin Donald Bruce Road and signpost to KP Ferry. It appears at this point, the cycle route must be adjacent to the road. Separation is desirable, but this is a road that has irregular use – busy at ferry time and school start/end.
ISSUES: The High School may have security concerns, and it may mean erecting a security fence so cyclists transiting the school grounds are kept to the cycle route.
BENEFITS: This cycle route provides safe access to the public schools from Western Waiheke. The route avoids arterial and principal roads.
Route 2: Schools to Onetangi
This route avoids the Donald Bruce Road Roundabout. It will require negotiations with private land owners, most notably the landowners between the High School and Goldie Estate to secure permission to have the cycle road cross their land. Generally this is best secured by a permanent rates rebate in exchange for a cycling right of way.
Near the entrance from Goldie Estate on Causeway Road, mark a cycle road crossing to the existing cycle lane on the northern side of Causeway Road. Improve it and make clear it is a two-way cycleway that has shared use with pedestrians and the very occasional horse rider.
The Causeway has an existing two-way cycle lane that needs to be cleaned up. Route 2 should then exit the arterial at Putiki Road and not rejoin the arterial until Belgium Road intersection with Ostend Road.
This next segment must run along the arterial, thus it should be upgraded until it picks up the already suitable south side cycle lane near O’Brien Road. At that point there is an existing equestrian trail that runs parallel to Onetangi Road. That trail should be paved and upgraded to a shared cycle lane because it runs the full length of the Onetangi Straight, but is physically separate from the road.
Avoid the dangerous arterial curve near Waiata Road by using the local roads and coming out by the Four Square, after which the arterial is safe to the beach.
- Signpost crossing from High School using the zebra crossing
- New paved trail through Vineyard Vista VIllas and Goldie Estate
- Paint and signpost crossing to north side of Causeway Road
- Upgrade Causeway Road cycle lane with better dividers
- Signpost Causeway cycle lane as shared and two-way
- Paint cycle crossing at Putiki Road and signpost
- Left at Ostend Road
- Route joins the arterial at Belgium St
- Right on Ostend Road at Belgium St intersection (south side)
- Upgrade arterial with safe cycle two-way lane on south side
- At O’Brian Road transform equestrian trail to paved cycle road
- Signpost accordingly and paint cycle crossing at O’Brian Road
- Follow the newly paved cycle/equestrian trail parallel to road
- Right (straight) on Waitata Road
- Left on Trig Hill Road down to arterial at Four Square store
- Right on Onetangi Road to beach with signposts
- Signpost directions to Coromandel ferry via Waiheke Road
- Possibly put a charging station at Charlie Farley restaurant
Negotiate Right of Way: Through Villa Villas and Goldie Estate
Upgrade: Causeway Road, Ostend Road, Onetangi Straight Equestrian Road
EU Design Best Practice: “Offer strategic, functional routes that connect residential, commercial and business areas.”
Oneroa Business District
Do not use the Ocean View Road arterial from Mako Street to the Library because it is dangerous. Instead, sign post the paved foot paths through Alison Park as shared space, and widen them where cyclists would otherwise pose a hazard to pedestrians, especially dog walkers.
Surfdale BUSINESS DISTRICT
OSTEND BUSINESS DISTRICT
Different needs of different cyclists
Visitors mostly come by Fullers Ferry because Fullers takes bikes, including ebikes, free, subject to capacity. Visitors need signposts and safe routes that show off the best of Waiheke. Visitors are an important part of the Waiheke local economy, and the cycle trails should be designed to invite patronage.
- Tourists who rent ebikes and ride, some for the first time. They may not know what they are doing. Design to lower their cycling risk.
- Road-riders: Often Lycra-clad in groups, on thin-tyred pedal bikes that do not do well on unpaved surfaces. Pave cycle roads.
- Long-haul travellers: Riding the length of NZ, wish to avoid the Harbour Bridge and riding through congested Auckland City streets
Ferry Commuters are locals who cycle to work in Auckland during the work week. For them, it would be helpful if Fullers (with AT support) upgraded the ferries so the bikes do not get salt sprayed, and to increase capacity to get more cars off the isthmus roads.
Local Commuters and Shoppers are locals who work or shop in the villages and the countryside businesses such as the restaurants and vineyards. They need safe, connected routes and more covered parking in the villages.
School Children need routes that connect from the western end of the island to the schools and from the east as far as Onetangi. They need safe, well maintained routes so parents are OK with their kids cycling to school.
Fix Bad Design
Avoid Pinch Points
Pinch points are barriers in the road that force cyclists into traffic. They can be fixed by cutting out about 1 m between the curb and the pinch point so the cyclist can stay to the left, out of traffic flow.
The photo above is near the St Johns Ambulance. At least it is convenient to collect the cyclist hit by a car at the pinch point.
The photos below are at Alison Park (left) and heading into Oneroa (right)
The first best-practice principle of cycle roads is “Continuous, long distance paved routes that facilitate reasonable cycling speeds“. On Waiheke there are numerous examples of where Auckland Transport planners seemed to have been obvious to this most fundamental principle. It is more dangerous to have a cycle lane that quits halfway than to have no cycle lane at all. With no lane, the cyclist knows they are on their own, and some will opt to not proceed. But when the lane just quits halfway, the cyclist is already committed, thus they keep riding but now with trucks and cars passing much closer.
As a cyclist rides toward Onetangi in the Onetangi Road cycle lane, shortly before the curve, it just ends at a private driveway. What were the Auckland Transport planners thinking? However, the solution is not to spend inordinate amounts of money widening the road (to motor vehicle standard to carry the heavy weight of trucks). Rather it is to notice on the right there is a little-used equestrian trail that runs the full length of the Onetangi Straight. As grazing land becomes scarce and horse riders move away, equestrian trails are used less and less. It makes sense to make them shared space. Pave them and signpost them for cyclists, pedestrians and horses.
This dropout west of the causeway is very odd. It just quits at a power pole. And, it is signposted as one-way, but lower down whilst crossing the water, it appears to be a two-way cycle road. It also shows poor footpath maintenance with vegetation growing into the right-of-way.
If the cycle lane is supposed to be on the other side of the road coming from the roundabout, then there should be a signposted and road painted cycle crossing to show cyclists and motor vehicles of the crossing. It also should be for two way cycling, meaning either one lane on each side of the road, or a two-lane cycle road along side the motor vehicle road, with suitable separation.
In this particular case, it is advised to avoid this part of the arterial completely, and rejoin it at Goldie Estate. In other words, don’t fix it, bypass it.